To analyse MEPs’ attitudes to value-based foreign policy decisions, we selected a wide range of resolutions passed by the European Parliament. These:
We only selected decisions (including final resolutions, specific amendments and paragraphs) approved by a roll-call vote (RCV), as only these reveal how individual MEPs cast their ballots. The votes we selected are the following (Russia-related decisions are marked with an R in parenthesis at the end of their title).
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Expresses concern about the severe situation in Venezuela and reaffirms support for a peaceful and democratic solution to the crisis.
The resolution condemns the Russian government for several rule of law violations, the country’s judiciary system, and its treatment of prisoners. The resolution calls on Russian authorities to improve the situation and the HR/VP to monitor it, while reiterating its support for a European Human Rights Act. This particular amendment inserted a reference to the Magnitsky Act into the text.
Remembers the 80th anniversary of the start of the Second World War and condemns Nazi and communist crimes.
Summarises information about foreign attempts to influence elections in Europe, condemns such practices, condemns attempts by European parties to seek funding from third countries, and calls on the EU to step up against electoral interference and disinformation.
Deletes a paragraph from the text stating that the EP should consider setting up a special committee on foreign electoral interference and disinformation. The amendment is considered Russia-specific because it modified a text focusing on the Kremlin.
Summarises the irregularities that helped former Bolivian President Evo Morales to a new term on 20 October, and calls on all sides to hold a new election according to international standards as soon as possible.
Condemns the detention of José Daniel Ferrer and Cuba’s treatment of political prisoners, calling on the Cuban government to implement sweeping legal reforms to address such problems.
Condemns Russia for failing to cooperate with Lithuanian authorities in the 13 January trial and harbouring and protecting officers who played a role in the 13 January 1991 attack against Lithuanian civilians. Calls on Russia to make its own officers accountable. It condemns Russia for initiating court cases against Lithuanian judges, prosecutors who took part in the 13 January case. Calls on Interpol to ignore arrest warrants against these Lithuanian citizens.
The resolution calls on Chinese authorities to respect the fundamental freedom of the Uyghurs, release Uyghur scholar Ilham Tohti and all other human rights defenders. It expresses concerns about China’s high-tech population control tools and the possible use of forced labour in detention camps. Paragraph 1 calls on China to put an end to arbitrary detention and close all detention centres.
The resolution condemns Iranian authorities’ responses to recent protests. Paragraph five stresses that fundamental rights must be respected and Iranian authorities should meet their international obligations.
The resolution condemns the repressive actions of the Nicaraguan government against its own population.
The resolution condemns Russia’s foreign agent law in general and its recently approved amendments, which allows for the stigmatisation of individuals as foreign agents in particular. It calls on Russia to repeal the law and fulfil its international obligations. Paragraph 13, among other things, “underlines that the sanctions against Russia can be lifted only when Russia fully complies with its obligations.
The report calls on the EU to defend universal values, such as multilateralism, the rule of law and free trade, more effectively both within and outside of the bloc. It condemns Russia, China and Turkey in particular for their aggressive foreign policy actions, and even the US for its retreat from multilateral institutions. The rapporteurs specifically called attention to hybrid threats against the Union, naming Moscow as the main source of such threats. As a solution, the text proposes increasing budgetary resources to efforts countering hybrid threats. The report supports the territorial integrity of Georgia and Ukraine. The text adds that introducing qualified majority voting in foreign policy decisions would make the EU more effective in responding to such threats.
The report identifies several threats to European stability: the situation in North Africa, the Middle East and the Balkans, as well as Russian aggression in Georgia and Ukraine. Hybrid threats are highlighted in the report as well. The text also condemns China for its actions in the South China Sea and the Taiwan Strait. The report says that the EU must become more effective in stepping up against international crises, so it calls on qualified majority voting to be introduced in the area of the Common Security and Defence Policy.
The report expresses concern about the attacks on democracy and the rule of law worldwide, condemns authoritarian regimes for restricting the rights of its own citizens and highlights that the EU is committed to placing human rights and democracy at the centre of its relations with non-EU countries.
The resolution reiterates the EP’s recognition of Juan Guaidó as the legitimate president of Venezuela and condemns the attempted parliamentary coup by the Maduro regime. The text attests that the National Assembly is the only legitimately elected democratic body of Venezuela.
The EP decided to set up a special committee for 12 months dealing with foreign interference in European elections. The committee will also be tasked with finding potential answers to such threats and suggest coordinated EU action against hybrid warfare.
The recommendation strongly condemns the Russian Federation’s actions violating the fundamental principles and norms of international law in the EU’s Eastern Partnership region, especially in Ukraine.
The EP condemned the national security law imposed by Beijing on Hong Kong. It also declares its support for creating a “more robust strategy” on China.